X-ray fluorescence and X-ray diffraction analysis of ancient bricks from the temple SEG-II (Ubur Lempeng), Batujaya, Indonesia

Author: Muhamad Shafiq Mohd Ali 1, Zuliskandar Ramli 1*, Nik Hassan Shuhaimi Nik Abdul Rahman 1, Abdul Latif Samian 1, Muhammad Rizal Razman 2 and Bambang Budi Utomo 3
Received 10 January 2015, accepted 20 March 2015.
Abstract

The aim of this study was to determine whether the ancient bricks from Candi SEG II (Lempeng) are made from local raw material or otherwise. Candi SEG II located in cultivation area has unearthed various interesting artefacts like fragment of pottery, rouletted pottery, glass beads, animal bones, skeletons and inscriptions with Palava characters. The main construction materials used to build the temple consisted of bricks and limestone was used as a mortar. The upper part of the temple is believed to have been built using wooden structures and the roof used palm leaves. Scientific analysis on the bricks shows that local raw material was used to produce these bricks. Scientific analysis using the X-ray fluorescence technique and X-ray diffraction technique can determine the chemical composition of the bricks, among others the mineral content of the bricks as well as the major element and trace element contents. The usage of local raw material also demonstrated the local wisdom in temple construction technology and also technique in producing bricks that had existed.

Journal: Food, Agriculture and Environment (JFAE)
Online ISSN: 1459-0263Year: 2015, Vol. 13, Issue 2, pages 197-200.Publisher: WFL.


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