Malaysian oil palm industry: Prospect and problem

Author: A. S. A. Ferdous Alam *, A. C. Er and Halima Begum
Received 5 January 2015, accepted 18 March 2015.
Abstract

The oil palm in Malaysia has seen significant progress. Started as an ornamental plant in Malaysia, it has turned into a huge industry. It is the fastest growing global demand as an input for food products, cosmetics, animal feed, bio-energy etc. Nonetheless, currently it is encountering a period of slow or less growing in terms of contributing to the gross national productivity due to natural as well as policy level factors. Adverse weather, ageing trees, and plant diseases are most prominent among the natural factors that are hindering the growth of the industry. On the other hand, restrictive labour and immigration policies of the government are not less responsible for the stagnant state of the industry. Oil palm production has brought about unlimited economic profits and currently it is an emerging economic sector in Malaysia. At present, Malaysia accounts for an overwhelming contribution to world’s palm oil production and export which is 39% and 44%, respectively. A massive 17.73 million tons of palm oil and 2.13 tons of palm kernel oil have been produced from about 4.49 million hectares of land. Malaysia has a vital role to play in achieving the rising global need for oils and fats, as Malaysia is one of the major producer and exporter countries of palm oil and palm oil products. This study is an attempt to discuss the current scenario of oil palm cultivation prospects and practices for income generation. Describing several issues and consequences that have impact to the oil palm production is also within the purview of this study.

Journal: Food, Agriculture and Environment (JFAE)
Online ISSN: 1459-0263Year: 2015, Vol. 13, Issue 2, pages 143-148.Publisher: WFL.


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