Glyphosate resistant biotypes of wild poinsettia (Euphorbia heterophylla L.) and its risk analysis on glyphosate-tolerant soybeans

Author: Ribas Antonio Vidal 1*, Michelangelo Muzzel Trezzi 2, Rafael De Prado 3, Juan Pedro Ruiz-Santaella 3 and Martín Vila-Aiub 4
Received 13 January 2007, accepted 28 March 2007.

The continuous use of a single herbicide for weed control can result in selection of biotypes resistant to that compound. Greenhouse experiments were conducted to assess the occurrence of wild poinsettia (Euphorbia heterophylla, EPHHL) resistant biotypes to glyphosate. Two suspected glyphosate- resistant biotypes from the northern part of Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, were compared to known glyphosate-susceptible biotypes. Dose-response curves were used to compare the biotypes, with rates ranging from 0 to 450 g ha-1 in one experiment, and from 0 to 1200 g ha-1 in another. The resistance factor, calculated with the I50 data, indicated the resistant biotypes were about three times less sensitive to glyphosate than the susceptible biotypes. This is the first report of a glyphosate-resistant biotype in a weed species of major importance and distribution in Brazil. A risk analysis is discussed for the occurrence of glyphosate-resistant wild poinsettia in glyphosate-tolerant soybeans.

Journal: Food, Agriculture and Environment (JFAE)
Online ISSN: 1459-0263Year: 2007, Vol. 5, Issue 2, pages 265-269. Publisher: WFL.

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